What Makes a General Surgeon Different?
General Surgeons are the specialists who perform gallbladder, hernia, stomach, small bowel, appendectomy, colon, and breast surgeries. Colorectal surgery, vascular surgery, trauma surgery, thoracic surgery, and plastic surgery are all specialty branches arising from general surgery. Those specialists usually do a fellowship training program after their five years of general surgery residency training program. These typically last a year or two. General Surgeons in rural areas or areas without these certain branch specialists perform thoracic surgeries such as lung resections, vascular surgeries, and trauma surgeries. General Surgeons perform endoscopy procedures such as colonoscopies and upper scopes or esophago-gastroduodenoscopies (EGD). Thyroid and parathyroid surgeries were traditionally performed by General Surgeons, but now many ENT (ear, nose, throat, specialists) perform many of those surgeries as well as General Surgeons.
What Procedures do General Surgeons Perform?
Although it is called "general", the doctors who practice general surgery are skilled specialty surgeons who mostly operate on abdominal complaints including hernias, appendicitis, gallbladders, stomach, and intestinal issues or breast cancer or other problems, but thyroid disease, melanoma or other skin cancers or problems, varicose veins, and subcutaneous masses and cysts are other common problems that General Surgeons treat.